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In this issue

Jonathan Tobin: Defending the Right to a Jewish State

Heather Hale: Compliment your kids without giving them big heads

Megan Shauri: 10 ways you are ruining your own happiness

Carolyn Bigda: 8 Best Dividend Stocks for 2015

Kiplinger's Personal Finance editors: 7 Things You Didn't Know About Paying Off Student Loans

Samantha Olson: The Crucial Mistake 55% Of Parents Are Making At Their Baby's Bedtime

Densie Well, Ph.D., R.D. Open your eyes to yellow vegetables

The Kosher Gourmet by Megan Gordon With its colorful cache of purples and oranges and reds, COLLARD GREEN SLAW is a marvelous mood booster --- not to mention just downright delish
April 18, 2014

Rabbi Yonason Goldson: Clarifying one of the greatest philosophical conundrums in theology

Caroline B. Glick: The disappearance of US will

Megan Wallgren: 10 things I've learned from my teenagers

Lizette Borreli: Green Tea Boosts Brain Power, May Help Treat Dementia

John Ericson: Trying hard to be 'positive' but never succeeding? Blame Your Brain

The Kosher Gourmet by Julie Rothman Almondy, flourless torta del re (Italian king's cake), has royal roots, is simple to make, . . . but devour it because it's simply delicious

April 14, 2014

Rabbi Dr Naftali Brawer: Passover frees us from the tyranny of time

Greg Crosby: Passing Over Religion

Eric Schulzke: First degree: How America really recovered from a murder epidemic

Georgia Lee: When love is not enough: Teaching your kids about the realities of adult relationships

Cameron Huddleston: Freebies for Your Lawn and Garden

Gordon Pape: How you can tell if your financial adviser is setting you up for potential ruin

Dana Dovey: Up to 500,000 people die each year from hepatitis C-related liver disease. New Treatment Has Over 90% Success Rate

Justin Caba: Eating Watermelon Can Help Control High Blood Pressure

The Kosher Gourmet by Joshua E. London and Lou Marmon Don't dare pass over these Pesach picks for Manischewitz!

April 11, 2014

Rabbi Hillel Goldberg: Silence is much more than golden

Caroline B. Glick: Forgetting freedom at Passover

Susan Swann: How to value a child for who he is, not just what he does

Cameron Huddleston: 7 Financial Tasks You Should Tackle Right Now

Sandra Block and Lisa Gerstner: How to Profit From Your Passion

Susan Scutti: A Simple Blood Test Might Soon Diagnose Cancer

Chris Weller: Have A Slow Metabolism? Let Science Speed It Up For You

The Kosher Gourmet by Diane Rossen Worthington Whitefish Terrine: A French take on gefilte fish

April 9, 2014

Jonathan Tobin: Why Did Kerry Lie About Israeli Blame?

Samuel G. Freedman: A resolution 70 years later for a father's unsettling legacy of ashes from Dachau

Jessica Ivins: A resolution 70 years later for a father's unsettling legacy of ashes from Dachau

Kim Giles: Asking for help is not weakness

Kathy Kristof and Barbara Hoch Marcus: 7 Great Growth Israeli Stocks

Matthew Mientka: How Beans, Peas, And Chickpeas Cleanse Bad Cholesterol and Lowers Risk of Heart Disease

Sabrina Bachai: 5 At-Home Treatments For Headaches

The Kosher Gourmet by Daniel Neman Have yourself a matzo ball: The secrets bubby never told you and recipes she could have never imagined

April 8, 2014

Lori Nawyn: At Your Wit's End and Back: Finding Peace

Susan B. Garland and Rachel L. Sheedy: Strategies Married Couples Can Use to Boost Benefits

David Muhlbaum: Smart Tax Deductions Non-Itemizers Can Claim

Jill Weisenberger, M.S., R.D.N., C.D.E : Before You Lose Your Mental Edge

Dana Dovey: Coffee Drinkers Rejoice! Your Cup Of Joe Can Prevent Death From Liver Disease

Chris Weller: Electric 'Thinking Cap' Puts Your Brain Power Into High Gear

The Kosher Gourmet by Marlene Parrish A gift of hazelnuts keeps giving --- for a variety of nutty recipes: Entree, side, soup, dessert

April 4, 2014

Rabbi David Gutterman: The Word for Nothing Means Everything

Charles Krauthammer: Kerry's folly, Chapter 3

Amy Peterson: A life of love: How to build lasting relationships with your children

John Ericson: Older Women: Save Your Heart, Prevent Stroke Don't Drink Diet

John Ericson: Why 50 million Americans will still have spring allergies after taking meds

Cameron Huddleston: Best and Worst Buys of April 2014

Stacy Rapacon: Great Mutual Funds for Young Investors

Sarah Boesveld: Teacher keeps promise to mail thousands of former students letters written by their past selves

The Kosher Gourmet by Sharon Thompson Anyone can make a salad, you say. But can they make a great salad? (SECRETS, TESTED TECHNIQUES + 4 RECIPES, INCLUDING DRESSINGS)

April 2, 2014

Paul Greenberg: Death and joy in the spring

Dan Barry: Should South Carolina Jews be forced to maintain this chimney built by Germans serving the Nazis?

Mayra Bitsko: Save me! An alien took over my child's personality

Frank Clayton: Get happy: 20 scientifically proven happiness activities

Susan Scutti: It's Genetic! Obesity and the 'Carb Breakdown' Gene

Lecia Bushak: Why Hand Sanitizer May Actually Harm Your Health

Stacy Rapacon: Great Funds You Can Own for $500 or Less

Cameron Huddleston: 7 Ways to Save on Home Decor

The Kosher Gourmet by Steve Petusevsky Exploring ingredients as edible-stuffed containers (TWO RECIPES + TIPS & TECHINQUES)

Jewish World Review Dec. 1, 2008 / 4 Kislev 5769

Just follow the map

By Paul Greenberg

Printer Friendly Version
Email this article | "Analysts, party leaders puzzle over election tallies in state," said the headline over a front-page story the other day in the Arkansas Democrat-Gazette.

It seems this state, contrary as ever, led the country in the percentage of counties that cast far fewer votes for Barack Obama than they did for John Kerry four years ago. John McCain, while losing the national election decisively, carried Arkansas by a landslide: 59 to 39 percentage points.

How explain that? "It's just super-complex," says Jay Barth, a member of the state Democratic Party's executive committee, whose day job at Hendrix College is teaching politics. He mentioned a number of factors that might explain Arkansas' going against the national tide so dramatically: demography, culture, religion. "There's no real way to rank them," he says, "since the dynamics all overlap and interact so much." Which sounds like poli-sci speak for I Don't Know But I Got Some Good Theories.

And indeed the professor does have some. But allow a mere layman to offer an explanation that's not so super-complex: Just look at the map of Scots-Irish migration in what would become these not so United States of America. What political science may not be able to explain, a look at the electoral map just might.

The swath of all the counties in the nation that went for McCain-Palin — from the foothills of the Appalachians up in western Pennsylvania all the way down to East Texas — pretty much parallels the path of Scots-Irish settlement in this country. Here in Arkansas, the Obama vote was largely confined to a stretch of Delta counties along the Mississippi.

In this year's presidential election, as in so many others in the South, Republicans looked to the hills, whence cometh their help. The split in Arkansas between Delta and hills, planters and smallholders, Anglicans and Calvinists, Deep South and Mountain South, is typical of voting — and ethnic — patterns throughout the region.

The big "secret" of this year's presidential election, and maybe of the South's shift to the GOP column in general, is an ethnic group: the Scots-Irish. They may go by other names of varying respectability: the Southern yeomanry, Reagan Democrats, the redneck vote, or, in Howard Dean's undying phrase, the guys with Confederate flags on their pick-ups. And gun racks in the back.

Just who are the Scots-Irish? They're the descendants of the great wave of immigration, hundreds of thousands strong, from northern Britain who settled first in Ireland and then came to America in colonial times; sometimes they're called the Ulster Scots.

The Scots-Irish are more easily described than defined. Like any ethnic group, they may seem like a mass of contradictions when viewed from the outside, but from the inside all their various traits cohere. And have become part of the American ethos. You can see the Scots-Irish Factor at work in any presidential election or old Western.

How describe these folks' cultural characteristics? Let me try: Deeply attached to family, they're also intensely individualistic. Hard-fighting and hard-drinking, they can be hard-praying folk, too. Loyal to a fault, they can also be instinctively rebellious. They were the great strength of the Confederacy in the Civil War, and they made up a good part of the Union armies, too. Of course Scotsmen would vote for a warrior named McCain.

Much of the mysterious charm of John S. McCain in these latitudes may come not from any specific political stance but from his ability to reflect the cultural values of the Scots-Irish in America, who are scarcely confined to the South.

You'll find their cultural influence wherever country music is popular, which covers a lot of territory. They may be an almost invisible ethnic group, so deeply ingrained are they in the American cultural weave, but their influence is permeating. Which is why both presidential campaigns this year might have found a sociologist, or at least an ethnographer, more useful than any number of political analysts.

If only Barack Obama's middle name had been McGonnagill instead of Hussein, he might have made deeper inroads into Arkansas and the rest of the Scots-Irish Belt. Ah, well, at least he had an Irish mother, which might explain some of his political talent.

Ethnicity is the great subterranean factor in every American political divide. And combination. My favorite all-American political slate remains a Republican ticket in New York City circa 1960: Lefkowitz, Fino and Gilhooley! You could set it to music. Indeed, the Republicans did in a campaign jingle that was a lot more successful than the ticket itself that year. What a pity that ethnicity has become almost a taboo subject in these politically correct (and obtuse) times. It explains so much, and so colorfully.

Recommended reading: "Born Fighting: How the Scots-Irish Shaped America" by James Webb, now a U.S. senator and loose cannon from Virginia, and, most recommended of all, David Hackett Fisher's comprehensive "Albion's Seed/ Four British Folkways in America." By now I've learned to keep it around as a standard reference. Who knew sociology could be so fascinating? And explanatory.

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JWR contributor Paul Greenberg, editorial page editor of the Arkansas Democrat-Gazette, has won the Pulitzer Prize for editorial writing. Send your comments by clicking here.

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