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Jonathan Tobin: Defending the Right to a Jewish State

Heather Hale: Compliment your kids without giving them big heads

Megan Shauri: 10 ways you are ruining your own happiness

Carolyn Bigda: 8 Best Dividend Stocks for 2015

Kiplinger's Personal Finance editors: 7 Things You Didn't Know About Paying Off Student Loans

Samantha Olson: The Crucial Mistake 55% Of Parents Are Making At Their Baby's Bedtime

Densie Well, Ph.D., R.D. Open your eyes to yellow vegetables

The Kosher Gourmet by Megan Gordon With its colorful cache of purples and oranges and reds, COLLARD GREEN SLAW is a marvelous mood booster --- not to mention just downright delish
April 18, 2014

Rabbi Yonason Goldson: Clarifying one of the greatest philosophical conundrums in theology

Caroline B. Glick: The disappearance of US will

Megan Wallgren: 10 things I've learned from my teenagers

Lizette Borreli: Green Tea Boosts Brain Power, May Help Treat Dementia

John Ericson: Trying hard to be 'positive' but never succeeding? Blame Your Brain

The Kosher Gourmet by Julie Rothman Almondy, flourless torta del re (Italian king's cake), has royal roots, is simple to make, . . . but devour it because it's simply delicious

April 14, 2014

Rabbi Dr Naftali Brawer: Passover frees us from the tyranny of time

Greg Crosby: Passing Over Religion

Eric Schulzke: First degree: How America really recovered from a murder epidemic

Georgia Lee: When love is not enough: Teaching your kids about the realities of adult relationships

Cameron Huddleston: Freebies for Your Lawn and Garden

Gordon Pape: How you can tell if your financial adviser is setting you up for potential ruin

Dana Dovey: Up to 500,000 people die each year from hepatitis C-related liver disease. New Treatment Has Over 90% Success Rate

Justin Caba: Eating Watermelon Can Help Control High Blood Pressure

The Kosher Gourmet by Joshua E. London and Lou Marmon Don't dare pass over these Pesach picks for Manischewitz!

April 11, 2014

Rabbi Hillel Goldberg: Silence is much more than golden

Caroline B. Glick: Forgetting freedom at Passover

Susan Swann: How to value a child for who he is, not just what he does

Cameron Huddleston: 7 Financial Tasks You Should Tackle Right Now

Sandra Block and Lisa Gerstner: How to Profit From Your Passion

Susan Scutti: A Simple Blood Test Might Soon Diagnose Cancer

Chris Weller: Have A Slow Metabolism? Let Science Speed It Up For You

The Kosher Gourmet by Diane Rossen Worthington Whitefish Terrine: A French take on gefilte fish

April 9, 2014

Jonathan Tobin: Why Did Kerry Lie About Israeli Blame?

Samuel G. Freedman: A resolution 70 years later for a father's unsettling legacy of ashes from Dachau

Jessica Ivins: A resolution 70 years later for a father's unsettling legacy of ashes from Dachau

Kim Giles: Asking for help is not weakness

Kathy Kristof and Barbara Hoch Marcus: 7 Great Growth Israeli Stocks

Matthew Mientka: How Beans, Peas, And Chickpeas Cleanse Bad Cholesterol and Lowers Risk of Heart Disease

Sabrina Bachai: 5 At-Home Treatments For Headaches

The Kosher Gourmet by Daniel Neman Have yourself a matzo ball: The secrets bubby never told you and recipes she could have never imagined

April 8, 2014

Lori Nawyn: At Your Wit's End and Back: Finding Peace

Susan B. Garland and Rachel L. Sheedy: Strategies Married Couples Can Use to Boost Benefits

David Muhlbaum: Smart Tax Deductions Non-Itemizers Can Claim

Jill Weisenberger, M.S., R.D.N., C.D.E : Before You Lose Your Mental Edge

Dana Dovey: Coffee Drinkers Rejoice! Your Cup Of Joe Can Prevent Death From Liver Disease

Chris Weller: Electric 'Thinking Cap' Puts Your Brain Power Into High Gear

The Kosher Gourmet by Marlene Parrish A gift of hazelnuts keeps giving --- for a variety of nutty recipes: Entree, side, soup, dessert

April 4, 2014

Rabbi David Gutterman: The Word for Nothing Means Everything

Charles Krauthammer: Kerry's folly, Chapter 3

Amy Peterson: A life of love: How to build lasting relationships with your children

John Ericson: Older Women: Save Your Heart, Prevent Stroke Don't Drink Diet

John Ericson: Why 50 million Americans will still have spring allergies after taking meds

Cameron Huddleston: Best and Worst Buys of April 2014

Stacy Rapacon: Great Mutual Funds for Young Investors

Sarah Boesveld: Teacher keeps promise to mail thousands of former students letters written by their past selves

The Kosher Gourmet by Sharon Thompson Anyone can make a salad, you say. But can they make a great salad? (SECRETS, TESTED TECHNIQUES + 4 RECIPES, INCLUDING DRESSINGS)

April 2, 2014

Paul Greenberg: Death and joy in the spring

Dan Barry: Should South Carolina Jews be forced to maintain this chimney built by Germans serving the Nazis?

Mayra Bitsko: Save me! An alien took over my child's personality

Frank Clayton: Get happy: 20 scientifically proven happiness activities

Susan Scutti: It's Genetic! Obesity and the 'Carb Breakdown' Gene

Lecia Bushak: Why Hand Sanitizer May Actually Harm Your Health

Stacy Rapacon: Great Funds You Can Own for $500 or Less

Cameron Huddleston: 7 Ways to Save on Home Decor

The Kosher Gourmet by Steve Petusevsky Exploring ingredients as edible-stuffed containers (TWO RECIPES + TIPS & TECHINQUES)

Jewish World Review Dec 21, 2004 / 9 Teves, 5765

Re-imagining Intelligence in post-Cold War world

By Anthony Clark Arend and Sarah E. Kreps


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http://www.JewishWorldReview.com | In the waning days of its legislative session and with much arm-twisting, Congress has finally adopted an intelligence reform bill and President Bush signed it Friday. But even though the bill may seem to address a variety of concerns raised by the 9/11 Commission, it still ignores a central failure of intelligence highlighted by the Commission Report: the failure of imagination.


Failure of imagination? What did the intelligence community fail to imagine? Simply put - the reality of the post-Cold War world.


Prior to the terrorist attacks on that September day, the intelligence community had not yet adopted a mindset appropriate to the new threat. Despite numerous terrorist attacks against U.S. targets in the 1990's - the first World Trade Center bombing, the embassy attacks in Kenya and Tanzania, the bombing of the USS Cole, to name a few - neither analysts nor policy makers had fully grasped the nature of the terrorist network.


Their pre- 9/11 mindset prevented them from distilling the real threat from the multitude of intelligence "noise" in the system. Even though, as George Tenet noted, the "system was blinking red" in the summer of 2001, analysts were unable to connect the "thundercloud to the ground" because the existing institutional mindset prevented them from placing the raw intelligence in the broader security context.

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The problem with the newly adopted bill is that it seeks to replace the old mindset with another mindset instead of opening up the intelligence process to creative imagining. The new legislation will lead to a massive restructuring of the intelligence community to fight the global war on terror (GWOT). Yet even if this reorganization were to work, and the intelligence community were galvanized against the GWOT, the problem of analytic tunnel vision would still exist because the community would be oriented toward fighting "terrorism" rather than addressing a broader range of security threats. Preventing another 9/11 is critical, but so is keeping a pulse on emerging or rising threats. Will we miss the signs of a future catastrophe by shifting our institutional mindset towards a catastrophe of the past?


In grappling with this lack of imagination, the 9/11 Commission conceded that "imagination is not a gift usually associated with bureaucracies." Thus, changes such moving boxes on an organizational chart or reassigning budgetary authority will not in and of themselves instill the intelligence community with a new sense of imagination. But what will?


While institutionalizing imagination is difficult, the new National Intelligence Director (NID) and the heads of the respective agencies must set the tone for creative imagining by reconceptualizing the hiring, training, and managing of the members of the intelligence community.


First, the intelligence agencies must hire different types of people. In the past they have tended to hire analysts that have a great deal of expertise is a specific region of the world or functional area, such as non-proliferation or transnational crime. While it is necessary to have people with high levels of specialized knowledge, it is also important to imbue the intelligence process with generalists who can see the big picture. These people can often provide a fresh set of eyes that can serve as an antidote to a parochial mindset.


Second, once these individuals have been hired, they need to be trained to question the conventional wisdom, to play devil's advocate, and to explore even the remotest of threats. Analysts should be encouraged to engage in thought experiments that have them thinking like terrorists and other potential enemies. They should be trained like actors who prepare for their role by getting into the mind of their character.


Third, all this new talent will go to waste without proper leadership.


From the NID on down the chain of command, all leaders in the intelligence community must welcome divergent viewpoints. They should intentionally task analysts to present competing assessments with a view toward engaging all possible scenarios. And they should encourage free and open debate on those scenarios.


Properly undertaken, these three steps will help bring a new level of imagination to the intelligence community. While changing formal structures might satisfy the perceived need to "do something" about intelligence, unless the mindset is changed, new structures will be nothing but hollow boxes.

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Anthony Clark Arend is Professor of Government and Foreign Service at Georgetown University. Sarah E. Kreps is a military officer assigned to the National Reconnaissance Office and a PhD Candidate in international relations at Georgetown University. To comment, please click here.



© 2004, Anthony Clark Arend and Sarah E. Kreps Distributed by Knight Ridder/Tribune Information Services.