In this issue

Jonathan Tobin: Defending the Right to a Jewish State

Heather Hale: Compliment your kids without giving them big heads

Megan Shauri: 10 ways you are ruining your own happiness

Carolyn Bigda: 8 Best Dividend Stocks for 2015

Kiplinger's Personal Finance editors: 7 Things You Didn't Know About Paying Off Student Loans

Samantha Olson: The Crucial Mistake 55% Of Parents Are Making At Their Baby's Bedtime

Densie Well, Ph.D., R.D. Open your eyes to yellow vegetables

The Kosher Gourmet by Megan Gordon With its colorful cache of purples and oranges and reds, COLLARD GREEN SLAW is a marvelous mood booster --- not to mention just downright delish
April 18, 2014

Rabbi Yonason Goldson: Clarifying one of the greatest philosophical conundrums in theology

Caroline B. Glick: The disappearance of US will

Megan Wallgren: 10 things I've learned from my teenagers

Lizette Borreli: Green Tea Boosts Brain Power, May Help Treat Dementia

John Ericson: Trying hard to be 'positive' but never succeeding? Blame Your Brain

The Kosher Gourmet by Julie Rothman Almondy, flourless torta del re (Italian king's cake), has royal roots, is simple to make, . . . but devour it because it's simply delicious

April 14, 2014

Rabbi Dr Naftali Brawer: Passover frees us from the tyranny of time

Greg Crosby: Passing Over Religion

Eric Schulzke: First degree: How America really recovered from a murder epidemic

Georgia Lee: When love is not enough: Teaching your kids about the realities of adult relationships

Cameron Huddleston: Freebies for Your Lawn and Garden

Gordon Pape: How you can tell if your financial adviser is setting you up for potential ruin

Dana Dovey: Up to 500,000 people die each year from hepatitis C-related liver disease. New Treatment Has Over 90% Success Rate

Justin Caba: Eating Watermelon Can Help Control High Blood Pressure

The Kosher Gourmet by Joshua E. London and Lou Marmon Don't dare pass over these Pesach picks for Manischewitz!

April 11, 2014

Rabbi Hillel Goldberg: Silence is much more than golden

Caroline B. Glick: Forgetting freedom at Passover

Susan Swann: How to value a child for who he is, not just what he does

Cameron Huddleston: 7 Financial Tasks You Should Tackle Right Now

Sandra Block and Lisa Gerstner: How to Profit From Your Passion

Susan Scutti: A Simple Blood Test Might Soon Diagnose Cancer

Chris Weller: Have A Slow Metabolism? Let Science Speed It Up For You

The Kosher Gourmet by Diane Rossen Worthington Whitefish Terrine: A French take on gefilte fish

April 9, 2014

Jonathan Tobin: Why Did Kerry Lie About Israeli Blame?

Samuel G. Freedman: A resolution 70 years later for a father's unsettling legacy of ashes from Dachau

Jessica Ivins: A resolution 70 years later for a father's unsettling legacy of ashes from Dachau

Kim Giles: Asking for help is not weakness

Kathy Kristof and Barbara Hoch Marcus: 7 Great Growth Israeli Stocks

Matthew Mientka: How Beans, Peas, And Chickpeas Cleanse Bad Cholesterol and Lowers Risk of Heart Disease

Sabrina Bachai: 5 At-Home Treatments For Headaches

The Kosher Gourmet by Daniel Neman Have yourself a matzo ball: The secrets bubby never told you and recipes she could have never imagined

April 8, 2014

Lori Nawyn: At Your Wit's End and Back: Finding Peace

Susan B. Garland and Rachel L. Sheedy: Strategies Married Couples Can Use to Boost Benefits

David Muhlbaum: Smart Tax Deductions Non-Itemizers Can Claim

Jill Weisenberger, M.S., R.D.N., C.D.E : Before You Lose Your Mental Edge

Dana Dovey: Coffee Drinkers Rejoice! Your Cup Of Joe Can Prevent Death From Liver Disease

Chris Weller: Electric 'Thinking Cap' Puts Your Brain Power Into High Gear

The Kosher Gourmet by Marlene Parrish A gift of hazelnuts keeps giving --- for a variety of nutty recipes: Entree, side, soup, dessert

April 4, 2014

Rabbi David Gutterman: The Word for Nothing Means Everything

Charles Krauthammer: Kerry's folly, Chapter 3

Amy Peterson: A life of love: How to build lasting relationships with your children

John Ericson: Older Women: Save Your Heart, Prevent Stroke Don't Drink Diet

John Ericson: Why 50 million Americans will still have spring allergies after taking meds

Cameron Huddleston: Best and Worst Buys of April 2014

Stacy Rapacon: Great Mutual Funds for Young Investors

Sarah Boesveld: Teacher keeps promise to mail thousands of former students letters written by their past selves

The Kosher Gourmet by Sharon Thompson Anyone can make a salad, you say. But can they make a great salad? (SECRETS, TESTED TECHNIQUES + 4 RECIPES, INCLUDING DRESSINGS)

April 2, 2014

Paul Greenberg: Death and joy in the spring

Dan Barry: Should South Carolina Jews be forced to maintain this chimney built by Germans serving the Nazis?

Mayra Bitsko: Save me! An alien took over my child's personality

Frank Clayton: Get happy: 20 scientifically proven happiness activities

Susan Scutti: It's Genetic! Obesity and the 'Carb Breakdown' Gene

Lecia Bushak: Why Hand Sanitizer May Actually Harm Your Health

Stacy Rapacon: Great Funds You Can Own for $500 or Less

Cameron Huddleston: 7 Ways to Save on Home Decor

The Kosher Gourmet by Steve Petusevsky Exploring ingredients as edible-stuffed containers (TWO RECIPES + TIPS & TECHINQUES)

Jewish World Review Nov. 6, 2003 / 11 Mar-Cheshvan, 5764

Lies (and the lazy dunces who put them on Page One)

By Andrew Silow-Carroll

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A respected editor comes clean about his profession and the "news process"

http://www.jewishworldreview.com | When I was working for the Forward I got a call from a staffer at the Committee for Accuracy in Middle East Reporting in America, the pro-Israel media monitor, complaining about a headline that appeared in the paper. I forget now what the headline said, but she began by telling me it was biased, slanted, inaccurate, politically unbalanced —

I cut her off. "You're right," I said. "It was late, I typed a bad headline, no one caught it, and we regret it. We messed up." I don't think I said "messed."

There was stunned silence on the other end of the phone, no doubt because she was used to journalists defending their product to the bitter end, bristling at charges of bias, and slamming the phone down in contempt. I bypassed the broyges (perturbance) by fessing up to a simple truth: Newspapers often make mistakes that have nothing to do with the political slants or personal agendas of the journalists who work there.

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This may be hard to believe, with the best-seller list dominated by such works as Lies (and the Lying Liars Who Tell Them) by the liberal Al Franken and Who's Looking Out For You? by the conservative Bill O'Reilly, both attacks on the authors' adversaries in the media. And no doubt reporters and editors often reveal their political and ideological prejudices through selective reporting, loaded language, and the none-too-subtle placement of photographs and page-one articles.

But I've worked at enough newspapers to know that readers too often assume bias when there are often a host of other, more prosaic factors at work. Before you accuse a newspaper of bias, try to control for these four things: ignorance, logistics, storyline, and storytelling.

Ignorance. I've fielded calls from local leaders who were incensed that we left information out of an article about their institution, or that we wrote one of those unfortunate headlines, and assumed it could only be that we hated them and their work. It's flattering, in some ways, to be considered so competent that the possibility that we didn't know any better is not taken into consideration. The truth is, we try to get the facts, but nothing exposes a knowledge gap like tight deadlines and packed schedules.

Logistics. A reader of the paper I edit, the New Jersey Jewish News, recently asked why a Washington story he considered important was deemed worthy only of a brief article on page 36, rather than more extensive treatment closer to the front of the newspaper. He could only assume that we downplayed the story because we didn't share the protagonist's politics. The truth was the story broke late on a Tuesday afternoon, shortly before we went to press and many hours after we had selected which earlier stories went where. I'm still not convinced the story was worth more extensive treatment. But even had I wanted to "front" it, our usual Washington correspondent was on vacation, and the wire service on which we depend to supplement our coverage of the capital sent us only a three-paragraph article on the topic.

At this point, I'm tempted to write "and then the dog ate the article"; but my point is that there are plenty of reasons, not excuses, for the decisions we reach. Take the often controversial decision about which articles make it to the front page. At a weekly tabloid like ours, only two, perhaps three, articles get that treatment in a given week. We have a strong preference for local news, under the assumption that there are plenty of other outlets covering the big national and international stories. Non-local stories get extra points if they include a local or state figure, such as a politician or communal leader. We could run a front-page article on Israel or anti-Semitism every week, but we try not to; we think it important to vary the diet. A good illustration is important, and we've sometimes "fronted" uninspired stories that are accompanied by great photographs.

Storyline. In the most recent issue of The New Republic, Jonathan Chait writes about media bias: "Once the news media has settled on a perception of a political figure, it becomes nearly impossible to dislodge." That's true of many, if not all, news phenomena: Lazy or time-pressed writers fit the facts of a story into one of a number of preconceived templates. One of my favorite examples was in The New York Times' coverage of the tensions at Rutgers between pro-Israel and pro-Palestinian groups. On Oct. 11, Maria Newman wrote, "Rutgers has become embroiled during the last few months in a fierce debate about politics in the Middle East. And at times the debate has degenerated into incidents of incivility." Those two sentences imply that both sides of the debate carried out "incidents of incivility," when, in fact, the reporter would be hard-pressed to find a single example of an Israel supporter misbehaving (it was a Palestinian supporter who tossed a pie at Natan Sharansky, and the Hillel House that suffered a graffiti attack). According to the reporter's storyline, each side in the Middle East conflict, or a campus tussle, must be equally to blame. In this case "balance" perverted the truth.

Storytelling. Finally, journalists love a good story — and, let's be honest, so do readers. And the temptation is to tell a tale from an unusual angle. I'm guessing that's why, of the two main stories in the Times on the Rutgers conference, one profiled Charlotte Kates, the woman who organized the pro-Palestinian conference, and the other led off with Abe Greenhouse, the Jewish student who tossed the pie at Sharansky. The editors guessed, correctly, that we'd be fascinated by a profile of a young woman who joined the Communist Party at age 13 and still reveres Lenin. And Greenhouse is a classic example of "man bites dog" — the Jewish kid who joins the Palestinian cause (that's why NJJN also wrote about him). The Times may or may not have it in for Israel, but in this case, I'm guessing they merely wanted to entertain.

Of course, controlling for ignorance, logistics, storyline, and storytelling does not mean you won't find evidence of bias. Nor does it absolve editors of the responsibility of rooting out bias, overt or subconscious. But if editors agree — really agree — to examine their own prejudices, then readers should be willing to understand the pressures and constraints under which journalists' work. "Journalists aren't biased, just incompetent" (or "lazy" or "overworked") is not exactly a rallying cry, but readers and reporters should remember that it sometimes fits.

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JWR contributor Andrew Silow-Carroll is Editor-in-Chief of New Jersey Jewish News. Send your comments to him by clicking here.

© 2003, New Jersey Jewish News