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Jonathan Tobin: Defending the Right to a Jewish State

Heather Hale: Compliment your kids without giving them big heads

Megan Shauri: 10 ways you are ruining your own happiness

Carolyn Bigda: 8 Best Dividend Stocks for 2015

Kiplinger's Personal Finance editors: 7 Things You Didn't Know About Paying Off Student Loans

Samantha Olson: The Crucial Mistake 55% Of Parents Are Making At Their Baby's Bedtime

Densie Well, Ph.D., R.D. Open your eyes to yellow vegetables

The Kosher Gourmet by Megan Gordon With its colorful cache of purples and oranges and reds, COLLARD GREEN SLAW is a marvelous mood booster --- not to mention just downright delish
April 18, 2014

Rabbi Yonason Goldson: Clarifying one of the greatest philosophical conundrums in theology

Caroline B. Glick: The disappearance of US will

Megan Wallgren: 10 things I've learned from my teenagers

Lizette Borreli: Green Tea Boosts Brain Power, May Help Treat Dementia

John Ericson: Trying hard to be 'positive' but never succeeding? Blame Your Brain

The Kosher Gourmet by Julie Rothman Almondy, flourless torta del re (Italian king's cake), has royal roots, is simple to make, . . . but devour it because it's simply delicious

April 14, 2014

Rabbi Dr Naftali Brawer: Passover frees us from the tyranny of time

Greg Crosby: Passing Over Religion

Eric Schulzke: First degree: How America really recovered from a murder epidemic

Georgia Lee: When love is not enough: Teaching your kids about the realities of adult relationships

Cameron Huddleston: Freebies for Your Lawn and Garden

Gordon Pape: How you can tell if your financial adviser is setting you up for potential ruin

Dana Dovey: Up to 500,000 people die each year from hepatitis C-related liver disease. New Treatment Has Over 90% Success Rate

Justin Caba: Eating Watermelon Can Help Control High Blood Pressure

The Kosher Gourmet by Joshua E. London and Lou Marmon Don't dare pass over these Pesach picks for Manischewitz!

April 11, 2014

Rabbi Hillel Goldberg: Silence is much more than golden

Caroline B. Glick: Forgetting freedom at Passover

Susan Swann: How to value a child for who he is, not just what he does

Cameron Huddleston: 7 Financial Tasks You Should Tackle Right Now

Sandra Block and Lisa Gerstner: How to Profit From Your Passion

Susan Scutti: A Simple Blood Test Might Soon Diagnose Cancer

Chris Weller: Have A Slow Metabolism? Let Science Speed It Up For You

The Kosher Gourmet by Diane Rossen Worthington Whitefish Terrine: A French take on gefilte fish

April 9, 2014

Jonathan Tobin: Why Did Kerry Lie About Israeli Blame?

Samuel G. Freedman: A resolution 70 years later for a father's unsettling legacy of ashes from Dachau

Jessica Ivins: A resolution 70 years later for a father's unsettling legacy of ashes from Dachau

Kim Giles: Asking for help is not weakness

Kathy Kristof and Barbara Hoch Marcus: 7 Great Growth Israeli Stocks

Matthew Mientka: How Beans, Peas, And Chickpeas Cleanse Bad Cholesterol and Lowers Risk of Heart Disease

Sabrina Bachai: 5 At-Home Treatments For Headaches

The Kosher Gourmet by Daniel Neman Have yourself a matzo ball: The secrets bubby never told you and recipes she could have never imagined

April 8, 2014

Lori Nawyn: At Your Wit's End and Back: Finding Peace

Susan B. Garland and Rachel L. Sheedy: Strategies Married Couples Can Use to Boost Benefits

David Muhlbaum: Smart Tax Deductions Non-Itemizers Can Claim

Jill Weisenberger, M.S., R.D.N., C.D.E : Before You Lose Your Mental Edge

Dana Dovey: Coffee Drinkers Rejoice! Your Cup Of Joe Can Prevent Death From Liver Disease

Chris Weller: Electric 'Thinking Cap' Puts Your Brain Power Into High Gear

The Kosher Gourmet by Marlene Parrish A gift of hazelnuts keeps giving --- for a variety of nutty recipes: Entree, side, soup, dessert

April 4, 2014

Rabbi David Gutterman: The Word for Nothing Means Everything

Charles Krauthammer: Kerry's folly, Chapter 3

Amy Peterson: A life of love: How to build lasting relationships with your children

John Ericson: Older Women: Save Your Heart, Prevent Stroke Don't Drink Diet

John Ericson: Why 50 million Americans will still have spring allergies after taking meds

Cameron Huddleston: Best and Worst Buys of April 2014

Stacy Rapacon: Great Mutual Funds for Young Investors

Sarah Boesveld: Teacher keeps promise to mail thousands of former students letters written by their past selves

The Kosher Gourmet by Sharon Thompson Anyone can make a salad, you say. But can they make a great salad? (SECRETS, TESTED TECHNIQUES + 4 RECIPES, INCLUDING DRESSINGS)

April 2, 2014

Paul Greenberg: Death and joy in the spring

Dan Barry: Should South Carolina Jews be forced to maintain this chimney built by Germans serving the Nazis?

Mayra Bitsko: Save me! An alien took over my child's personality

Frank Clayton: Get happy: 20 scientifically proven happiness activities

Susan Scutti: It's Genetic! Obesity and the 'Carb Breakdown' Gene

Lecia Bushak: Why Hand Sanitizer May Actually Harm Your Health

Stacy Rapacon: Great Funds You Can Own for $500 or Less

Cameron Huddleston: 7 Ways to Save on Home Decor

The Kosher Gourmet by Steve Petusevsky Exploring ingredients as edible-stuffed containers (TWO RECIPES + TIPS & TECHINQUES)

Jewish World Review Feb. 26, 2004 / 4 Adar, 5764

U.S. Supreme Court takes up issue of art looted by Nazis

By Stephen Henderson


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http://www.jewishworldreview.com | (KRT) More than half a century after the Nazis plundered Jewish holdings and scattered them across Europe, the Supreme Court yesterday considered whether federal courts in the United States can help descendants of World War II victims get their belongings back.


Maria Altmann wants to sue the government of Austria to recover $150 million in paintings she says the Nazis stole from her relatives.


The Austrian government, backed by the Bush administration, says that would violate its sovereign immunity and threaten diplomatic relations between the United States and many other countries.


The case is significant not only for its foreign policy implications — two other such cases are pending at the high court — but also for its emotional touchstones. Altmann has said that 65 years later, it remains a "simple matter of justice" for Austria to return her family's paintings, and she has emerged as a salient reminder of Nazi-era atrocities.


To decide the case, the justices will have to reconcile two longtime principles.


One says that other nations are generally exempt from being sued in American courts for actions they take within their borders. The other, which has developed since the end of World War II and was made into law by Congress in 1976, says there are exceptions to that immunity. Foreign nations, for example, don't enjoy the same protection for acts related to commerce and trade.

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In Altmann's case, the Austrian government claims that the 1976 law would have to be applied retroactively to permit her suit.


Altmann says her family commissioned several paintings by a famous Austrian painter. The paintings came into Nazi hands during the war and were given to an Austrian gallery. A will left by one of Altmann's relatives left the paintings to the Austrian government, but Altmann says it's not valid. Her uncle had a will that contradicted the other and left her the paintings.


Lawyers for the Austrian government and the Bush administration told the court Wednesday that it would be unfair to change the rules about immunity now because Austria and other countries have long expected that these kinds of disputes would be settled diplomatically.


"We think it's basic fairness," that should prevent the suit, said Richard Cooper, a lawyer representing the Austrian government. Making the 1976 law retroactive would "change the legal consequences" for actions taken decades ago, Cooper said.


Thomas Hungar, a Bush administration lawyer, said that although no diplomatic efforts were threatened specifically by Altmann's suit, a ruling in her favor could allow suits to go ahead against countries that have touchy diplomatic exchanges with the United States.


Justice Stephen Breyer asked Hungar why the government couldn't object in court to those suits that threatened diplomatic efforts, instead of asserting that suits against foreign countries shouldn't be allowed.


In a tense exchange with Hungar, Breyer said the government could file "statements of interest" in those suits that were problematic.


But Hungar said the government should handle disputes between Americans and foreign nations — particularly Nazi-era disputes — and that the courts aren't needed. Hungar also told the justices that a ruling favorable to Altmann would open the United States to reciprocity by other nations. "It could open this country to claims in foreign courts," Hungar said.


Altmann's lawyer, E. Randol Schoenberg, said those weren't reasons to deny his client's claim. Not only does her case avoid diplomatic issues, he said, it also dodges issues that complicate other cases.


"Many of these cases raise statute of limitations problems or conflict with 'act of state' doctrine or interfere with treaties," Schoenberg said. "This case doesn't." He said that's why the high court shouldn't deny federal courts jurisdiction over all cases of this type. The high court, he said, should let the courts sort out the good ones from the bad.


"These issues should be litigated," Schoenberg said.


A ruling is expected by July.

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